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Mahakaleshwar Temple

Mahakaleshwar Temple

By: Hari Prasad Doddi On: 2015-07-04 Category: Jyothirlinga Temple Views: 1890
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Mahakaleshwar temple is one of the twelve Jyothirlingams located in the ancient city of Ujjain in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Ujjain is also known as Indrapuri Amaravati, and Avantika. Because of the number of golden towers of several temples, this town is also known as “Swarna Sringa.”

The temple complex was destroyed by Sultan Shas-ud-din Iltutmish during his raid of Ujjain in 1234-35. The present structure was built by the General of Srimant Peshwa Baji Rao and Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj of the Hindu Pad Padshahi---Srimant Raanojirao Shinde Maharaj (Scindia) in 1736 AD. Further developments and management was done by Shreenath Mahadji Shinde Maharaj (Mahadji The Great) also known as Madhavrao Shinde the First (1730–12 February 1794) and Srimant Maharani Bayzabai Raje Shinde (1827–1863).

In the regime of Maharaja Shrimant Jayaajirao Saheb Shinde Alijah Bahadur until 1886, major programs of the then Gwalior Riyasat used to be held at this mandir. After Independence the Dev Sthan Trust was replaced by the municipal corporation of Ujjain. Nowadays it is under the collectorate

 

Deity:

The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known to be dakshinamurti, which means that it is facing the south. This is a unique feature, upheld by the tantric shivnetra tradition to be found only in Mahakaleshwar among the 12 Jyotirlingas. The idol of Omkareshwar Mahadev is consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal shrine. The images of Ganesh, Parvati and Karttikeya are installed in the west, north and east of the sanctum sanctorum. To the south is the image of Nandi, the vehicle of Lord Shiva. The idol of Nagchandreshwar on the third storey is open for darshan only on the day of Nag Panchami.

The temple has five levels, one of which is underground. The temple itself is located in a spacious courtyard surrounded by massive walls near a lake. The shikhar or the spire is adorned with sculptural finery. Brass lamps light the way to the underground sanctum. It is believed that prasada (holy offering) offered here to the deity can be re-offered unlike all other shrines.

 

Legend:

According to the Puranas, the city of Ujjain was called Avantika and was famous for its beauty and its status as a devotional epicenter. It was also one of the primary cities where students went to study Holy Scriptures. According to legend, there was a ruler of Ujjain called Chandrasena, who was a pious devotee of Lord Shiva and worshiped him all the time. One day, a farmer's boy named Shrikhar was walking on the grounds of the palace and heard the King chant the Lord's name and rushed to the temple to start praying with him. However, the guards removed him by force and sent him to the outskirts of the city near the river Kshipra. Rivals of Ujjain, primarily King Ripudamana and King Singhaditya of the neighboring kingdoms decided to attack the Kingdom and take over its treasures around this time. Hearing this, Shrikhar started to pray and the news spread to a priest named Vridhi. He was shocked to hear this and upon the urgent pleas of his sons, started to pray to Lord Shiva at the river Kshipra. The Kings chose to attack and were successful; with the help of the powerful demon Dushan, who was blessed by Lord Brahma to be invisible, they plundered the city and attacked all the devotees of Lord Shiva.

Upon hearing the pleas of His helpless devotees, Lord Shiva appeared in his Mahakala form and destroyed the enemies of King Chandrasena. Upon the request of his devotees Shrikhar and Vridhi, Lord Shiva agreed to reside in the city and become the chief deity of the Kingdom and take care of it against its enemies and to protect all His devotees. From that day on, Lord Shiva resided in His light form as Mahakala in a Lingam that was formed on its own from the powers of the Lord and His consort, Parvati. The Lord also blessed his devotees and declared that people who worshipped Him in this form would be free from the fear of death and diseases. Also, they would be granted worldly treasures and be under the protection of the Lord himself.

 

Events & Festivals:

The Puja-archana, abhishekaarati and other rituals are regularly performed all the year round in Mahakala temple. Some particular aspects are as follows:

Nitya Yatra:

Yatra to be conducted is narrated in the Avanti Khanda of the Skanada Purana. In this Yatra, after taking bath in the holy Sipra, the Yatri (Participator) respectively visits Nagachandresvara, Kotesvara, Mahakalesvara, goddess Avanatika, goddessHarasiddhi and Agastyesvara for darsana.

Sawari (Procession):

On every Monday of the Sravana month upto the Amavasya in the dark fortnight of the Bhadrapada and also from the bright fortnight of the Kartika to the dark fortnight of Magasirsha, the procession of Lord Mahakala passes through the streets of Ujjain. The last Sawari in Bhadrapadais celebrated with great pomp and show and draws attendance of lakhs of people. The procession of Mahakala on Vijaydasami festival visiting the celebrations at Dashahara Maidan is also very attractive.

Harihara Milana:

On Vaikuntha Chaturdasi, Lord Mahakala visits Mandir in a procession to meet Lord (hari) during the mid-night. Later on in a similar procession on that very night Dwarakadhisa visits Mahakal temple. This festival is the symbol of one-ness between the two great Lords.

 

Other Information:

Puja/Abhishek:

Type of Puja

Amount in Rs.

General Puja

51.00

Shiv Mahinm Path

101.00

Shiv Mahinm Strot / 11 Path / Vaidik Puja

151.00

Rudra Patha Avartan

251.00

Rudra Patha 11 Avartan

501.00

Laghu Rudraabhishek

1500.00

Maha Rudraabhishek 11 Brahmin

11000.00

Mahamrtunjay

15000.00

Bhanga Shringar

101.00

Important Days:

Month

Fortnight

Tithi

Particulars

Chaitra

Dark

Fifth

Ranga Panchami, Phaga and Dhvaja - Puja

Chaitra

Bright

First

New Samvatsara celelbration and Panchanga - Puja

Vaisakha

Dark

First

Jaladhara for continuous two months

Vaisakha

Bright

Third (Akshay – Trtiya)

Jala-mataki Phala-dana

Jaishtha

Dark

Naksatra

Parjanya Anusthana for eleven days

Ashada

Bright

Guru Purnima

Special Srngara on the advent of month. Chaturmasa Begins

Sravana

Dark

Every Monday

Sawari

Sravana

Dark

Amavasya

Dipa-puja

Sravana

Bright

Naga-Panchami

The Darsana of Naga Chandresvara

Sravana

Bright

Purnima(the full-moon day)

Raksha-sutra Parva, Bhoga and Srngara

Bhadrapada

Dark

Every Monday up to Amavasya

Sawari

Bhadrapada

Dark

Eighth (astami)

Janmastami celebrations after evening arati

Asvani

Dark

Eleventh(Ekadasi)

Uma-Sanjhi festival begins

Asvani

Bright

Second (dvitiya)

Final day of Uma-Sanjhi festival

Asvani

Bright

Tenth (Dasmi)

Vijaydasmi Parva, Sami Puja and Sawari

Asvani

Bright

Full moon day

Sharadotsava and distribution of Ksira in midnight

Kartika

Dark

14th day (Chaturdasi)

Annakuta

Kartika

Dark

Amavasya

Lighting of lamps on the Deepavali festival

Kartika

Bright

Every Monday

Sawari (Procession)

Kartika

Bright

Baikuntha Chaturdasi

Harihara-milana (Processions)

Margasirsha

Dark

Every Monday

Sawari

Pausha

Bright

Dhana-Samkranti (Ekadasi)

Annakuta

Magha

Dark

Basant Panchami

Special Puja

Phalguna

Dark

Mahashivaratri

Mahotsava, Special Puja and Abhisheka

Phalguna

Bright

Second (Dvitiya)

Darsana of five-forms of Siva (Pancha Swarupa)

Phalguna

Bright

Full-moon day

Holi festival after Sandhya arati

 

Timings:

     Temple remains open daily between 7:00 AM to 8:00 PM

 

Nearby Places:

·         Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir

·         Rama-Janardana Mandir

·         Chintaman Ganesh

·         Pir Matsyendranath

·         Harsiddhi Temple

·         Siddhavat

·         Kal Bhairava

·         Sandipani Ashram

·         Gadkalika

·         Mangalnath

·         Gopal Mandir

·         Navagraha Mandir (Triveni)

·         Chaubis Khamba

 

Location:

City                        : Ujjain

Dist.                       : Ujjain

State                      : Madhya Pradesh

Country                : India

PIN                        : 456006

 

Note: If you have any complaints/concerns with regards to the content in this post, please write to admin@infotemples.com


Map:
Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahakaleshwar_Jyotirlinga

http://dic.mp.nic.in/Ujjain/mahakal

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