The Ranganthaswamy temple in Srirangapatina, Mandya district of Karnataka state, is dedicated to the Hindu god Ranganatha Swamy (a manifestation of the god Vishnu). The temple is situated on an island on the banks of the Kaveri River. The architecture of this temple is a mixture of the Hoysala and Vijayanagar styles.
According to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the temple is one of considerable antiquity. An inscription at the temple reveals it was first consecrated in 984 A.D. by a local chief called Tirumalaiah, a vassal of the Western Ganga dynasty. In early 12th century, Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana (r.1108-1152) granted the village of Srirangapatna to the Vaishnava saint Ramanujacharya as an agraharam (place of learning). An inscription of the great Hoysala King Veera Ballala II (1210 A.D.) confirms that additions and renovations were made to the temple at that time. The tower over the entrance bears features consistent with Vijayanagara architecture. According to historian George Michell, contributions were also made by the Wodeyar kings of the Kingdom of Mysore. The temple is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India as a monument of national importance.
As per mythological studies, river Cauvery on her way forms three big islands. These islands are the Shivanasamudra of Karnataka, Srirangapatna and Srirangam. It is believed that devotees who visit these three temples, all in one day will surely attain salvation.
The temple has an imposing tower over the entrance gate (gopura) and two large concentric rectangular enclosures (prakara) around its perimeter. The entrance to the inner sanctum (garbhagriha) is through multiple columned halls (mantapa). A vestibule (sukhanasi), hall (navaranga or just mantapa) and a front hall (mukhamantapa) are the other main structures in the temple. The roof of the mukhamantapa is decorated with a "garland" ("hara") of miniature decorative towers (called "kudu" and "sala" shikharas) whose niches contain stucco images of the god Vishnu.
The navaranga mandapam surrounds the sanctum sanctorum. The principal deity is Sri Ranganatha in the sleeping posture with the Adi Shesha, the serpent with seven heads. Goddess Lakshmi is at Lord Ranganatha’s foot. Goddess Ranganayaki is the principal goddess of this beautiful temple.
There are other smaller shrines within the complex dedicated to Narasimha (an avatar of Vishnu), Gopalakrishna, Srinivasa (manifestation of Vishnu), Hanuman, Garuda and the Alwar saints.
It is believed that this temple is a very important Vaishnavite shrine of South India. The temple’s beautiful and exquisite architecture surely takes us way back to the Hoysala rule. The brilliant and beautiful architecture of the Vijayanagar style and the exclusive carvings are indeed a delight to the eyes.
The temple has four strong pillars with twenty four beautifully sculpted Vishnu forms. You can see exclusive Hoysala style of architecture. It is said that the Hoysalas appreciated art and art forms and encouraged the artisans. The intricate work of the artisans is clearly reflected in the architecture of the temple. The entire prakaram of the temple is beautifully painted with mythological stories.
Festivals & Fairs in Temple:
- Laksha Deepotsava (Makara Sankranthi Brahmotsava)
- Ratha Sapthami Brhmotsava
- Magha Shuddha Poornima
- Shriranga Jayanthi
- Vedanthacharya Thirunakshathra
- Nava Rathri
- Bangarada (Golden) Garudotsava
- Ashta Theertotsava
- Pushpa Brindavanotsava
The temple remains open every day from 7:30 AM - 01:00 PM and 4:00 PM - 8:00 PM
Nearby Places to Visit:
- Srirangapatna Fort
- Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary
- Nimishambha Temple
- Dodda Ghosai Ghat
- Jama Masjid
City : Srirangapatna
Dist. : Mandya
State : Karnataka
Country : India
PIN : 571438
How to Reach:
The nearest airport to Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is tiruchirapally airport, tiruchirapalli which is 11 KM away from Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple.
The nearest railway station to Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is tiruchirapalli train station Junction which is 7 KM away from Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple.
Every 5 minutes a bus is available between Mysore and Srirangapatna. Srirangapatna is about 120kms from Bangalore on Mysore Highway, frequent buses available from Bangalore to Mysore.
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