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Tirumala Tirupathi Devastanam(TTD)

Tirumala Tirupathi Devastanam(TTD)

By: Hari Prasad Doddi On: 2015-01-26 Category: Ancient Temple Views: 5501
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Sri Venkateshwara temple (Tirumal Tirupathi Devastanam) or the Tirupati temple is the richest temple in India. It is the most popular and counted among the most visited temples in India. The temple is considered one of the eight Sywayambu Kshetras of Vishnu where presiding deity is believed to have manifested on its own.

The Tirumala Hill comprises seven peaks, representing the seven heads of Adisesha, thus earning the name Seshachalam. The seven hills, also called Saptagiri, represent the Saptarishi (seven sages). Hence the Lord is named Saptagirinivasa. The following are the seven hills:

    Vrushabhadri: Hill of Nandi, the Vahana of Lord Shiva

    Anjanadri: Hill of Lord Hanuman. It is said to be birthplace of lord Hanuman.

    Neeladri: Hill of Neela Devi – It is believed that hair offered by the devotees is    accepted by Neela Devi. It is because of boon granted by Lord Venkateswara to Neela Devi.

    Garudadri or Garudachalam: Hill of Garuda, the vahana of Lord Vishnu

    Seshadri or Seshachalam: Hill of Sesha, the dasa of Lord Vishnu

    Naraynadri: Hill of Narayana. Srivari Padalu are located here

    Venkatadri: Hill of Lord Venkateswara

The temple is on Venkatadri (also known as Venkatachala), the seventh peak, and is also known as the "Temple of Seven Hills". The temple lies on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini, a holy water tank.

The varied names ascribed to the main deity are Balaji, Srinivasa, Venkateswara and Venkatachalapathy. The goddess Sri or Lakshmi (Vishnu's consort) resides on the chest of Venkateswara, and thus he is also known by the epithet Srinivasa (the one in whom Sri resides). Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Padmavathi reside on his either chests. The deity is considered the Kali yuga varada, that is 'the boon-granting Lord of Kali yuga' (the fourth and final age of the Hindu cycle of ages). The temple is held in particular reverence by the Vaishnava sect of southern India, known as the Sri Vaishnava.



Moolavirat or Dhruva Beram: The main stone deity of Lord Venkateswara is called Dhruva Beram (beram means "deity") or Moolavirat. The deity is about 8 feet (2.4 m) from the toes to the top of the crown and is considered the main source of energy for the temple.

Kautuka Beram or Bhoga Srinivasa:  This is a tiny one-foot (0.3 m) silver deity, which was given to the temple in 614 AD by Pallava Queen Samavai Perindevi, and has never been removed from the temple from the day it was installed. This deity is popularly known as Bhoga Srinivasa, because it enjoys all the Bhoga (worldly pleasures) which the Moolavirat has.

Snapana Beram or Ugra Srinivasa: This idol of the Lord represents the anger part of Lord Venkateswara. He remains inside the sanctum sanctorum, and comes out on only one day each year: on Kaishika Dwadasi, before the sunrise. Snapana means "cleansing.

Utsava Beram: This is the form of the Lord which comes out of the temple to see the devotees. This deity is also called Malayappa, and its consorts are Sridevi and Bhudevi. These three deities were found in a cave called Malayappan Konai in the holy Tirumala Hills.

Bali Beram or Koluvu Srinivasa: This panchaloha idol resembles the main deity, and represents the presiding officer for all activities and rituals in the temple. The idol is also called Bali Beram. Koluvu Srinivasa is regarded as the guardian deity of the temple that presides over its financial and economic affairs. Daily offerings are made to the deity, with a presentation of accounts.

Events & Festivals:

Tirumala Tirupathi celebrates most Vaishnava festivals, including Vaikuntha Ekadasi, Rama Navami, and Janmashtami with great splendor, while the Brahmotsavam celebrated every year during September is the most important festival in Tirumala. The temple receives millions of devotees over the short span of a week. Other major festivals include Vasanthotsavam (spring festival), conducted in March–April, and Rathasapthami (Magha Shuddha Saptami), celebrated in February, when Lord Venkateswara's deity is taken on procession around the temple chariots.



The world famous Tirupati Laddu is given at Tirumala Temple as prasadam. Many other prasadams are also available including daddojanam (curd rice), pulioharey (tamarind rice), vada and chakkera-pongali (sweet pongal), miryala-pongali, Appam, Paayasam, Jilebi, Muruku, Dosa, seera (kesari). Free meals are given daily to the pilgrims. On Thursdays, the Tirupavadai seva is conducted, where food items are kept as naivedyam to Lord Srinivasa.


Other Information:

Hair Tonsuring:

Many devotees have their head tonsured as "Mokku", an offering to God.  The story behind this offering is:

When Lord Balaji was hit on his head by a shepherd, a small portion of his scalp became bald. This was noticed by Neela Devi, a Gandharva princess. She felt "such an attractive face should not have a flaw". Immediately, she cut a portion of her hair and, with her magical power, implanted it on his scalp. Lord Balaji noticed her sacrifice. As hair is a beautiful asset of the female form, he promised her that all his devotees who come to his abode would offer their hair to him, and she would be the recipient of all the hair received. Hence, it is believed that hair offered by the devotees is accepted by Neela Devi. The hill, Neeladri, one of the seven hills, is named after her.

Hundi (donation pot):

It is believed that Srinivasa had to make arrangements for his wedding. Lord Kubera credited money to the god Venkateswara (a form of the god Vishnu) for his marriage with Padmavati. Srinivasa sought a loan of one crore and 11.4 million (11,400,000) coins of gold from Kubera and had Viswakarma, the divine architect, create heavenly surroundings in the Seshadri hills. Together, Srinivasa and Padmavathy lived for all eternity while Goddess Lakshmi, understanding the commitments of Lord Vishnu, chose to live in his heart forever.[citation needed] In remembrance of this, devotees go to Tirupati to donate money in Venkateswara's hundi (donation pot) so that he can pay it back to Kubera.



Seva Details



3:00 - 3:30


3:30 - 3:45

Tomala Seva

3:45 - 4:30

Koluvu & Panchanga Sravanam

4:30 - 4:45

First Archana Sahasranama Archana

4:45 - 5:30

Archanantara Darsanam

5:30 - 6:30

First Bell, Bali and Sattumura

6:30 - 7:00

Suddhi, Second Archana (Ekantam), Second Bell, etc.

7:00 - 7:30


7:30 - 19:00

Kalyanotsavam, Brahmotsavam, Vasanthotsavam, Unjal Seva

12:00 - 17:00

Sahasra Deepalankarana Seva

17:30 - 18:30

Suddhi, Night Kainkaryams (Ekantam) and Night Bell

19:00 - 20:00


20:00 - 1:00

Suddhi and preparations for Ekanta Seva

1:00 - 1:30

Ekanta Seva



Weekly Special Seva Timings:

·         Monday: Vishesha Puja -- 7:30 - 9:00 AM

·         Tuesday: Ashtadala Pada Padmaradhana -- 6:30 - 7:30 AM

·         Wednesday: Sahasrakalasa Abhishekam -- 6:30 - 8:30 AM

·         Thursday: Tiruppavada -- 6:30 - 8:00 AM and Poolangi Alankaram -- 9:00 PM - 10:00 PM

·         Friday: Abhishekam -- 4:30 - 6:00 AM


Nearby Places:

·         Srikalahasti Temple

·         Srinivasa Mangapuram

·         Sri Padmavati Devi Alayam (Alamelu Mangapuram)

·         Sri Govinda Raja Swami Temple

·         Sri Kodanda Rama Swami Temple

·         Sri Kapileswara Swami Temple

·         Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swami Temple



City           : Tirumala

Dist.          : Chittor

State         : Andhra Pradesh

Country   : India

PIN           : 517 501


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